ANNALS OF THE

MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN

VOLUME 80 1993

Colophon

Annals i of the Missouri Botanical Garden

1993 m

Volume 80 Number 1

Volume 80, Number i Winter 1993

Annals of the

Missouri Botanical Garden

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Missouri Botanical Garden

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Missouri Botanical Garden

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Volume 80

Annals

m

Number 1

of the

1993

Missouri

DO LdlllCcll

Garden

MONOGRAPH OF THE ^onaki Murakami^ and

NEOTROPICAL SPECIES OF ^ ASPLENIUM SECT. HYMENASPLENIUM (ASPLENIACEAE)^

Missouri Botanical Garden

Fkujre 2. The spores of various neotropical species of Asplenium, sect. Hymenasplenium. A. A. rip Mexico, Copeland 75940 (MICH). B. A. volubile, Colombia, Forero et al. 7237 (F). C. A. repandulum, E( van der Werff 660 (GH).~D. A. hoffmannii, Panama, Johnston 258 (GH). E. A. ortegae, Steyermark 127134 (UC).-F. A. delitescens, Brazil, Sperling 6035 (UC). G. A. obtusifolium, race with 32 spoi

Volume 80, Number 1 1993

Murakami & Moran 3 Asplenium sect. Hymenasplenium Monograph

Annals of the

Missouri Botanical Garden

6

Annals of the

Missouri Botanical Garden

ally partly purplish, glabrous; lamina 20 30 cm long, green, 1 -pinnate, deltate with an abruptly reduced, pinnatifid apex; rachis like the petiole, grooved and with herbaceous green wings; lateral pinnae 7-11 X 1.2-2 cm in the middle of the

acuminate, the margin slightly toothed, the teeth 0.5-1 mm deep, excavate on the basal basiscopic

cate, auricle 1-4 mm long; veins 2-forked; sori 5- 10 mm long, occasionally diplazioid in the abruptly reduced pinnae near the apex; spores 33-38 nm long, 64 per sporangium, perispore cristate.

Mpio. de Ocosingo, ruins of Yaxchilan on the banks of

NY); Mpio. de Las Margaritas, W side of Laguna Miramar E of San Quintin, 350 m, Breedlove 33123 (F, MICH, NY); Mpio. of Las Margaritas, low ridges at the confluence of the Rio Ixcan with the Rio Lacantum (Rio Jatate) on the Guatemala border, 300 m, Breedlove & McClintock 34740 (MO); Paienque, in rocky streamside forest by the ruins, 170 m, Cfialer et al. 728 (BM, MO); Mpio. Oco.sin- go, 3 km S de Frontera Corozal, sobre la oriUa del Rio Usumacinta, 120 m, Martinez S. 8008 (MO); Mpio. Ocosingo, en la zona Marquez de Coimllas, a 6 km SE

de cicao, 160 m, Martinez S. 8136 {MO, NY); 24 km al SE de Crucero Corozal, camino Palenque-Boca La- cantum, 200 m, Martinez S. 8402 {MO); Mpio. Ocosingo, 16 km NW de Boca Lacantum a Paienque, 220 m, Martinez S. 16399 {MO); Cerrode Macuspana, Rovirosa 1038 (GH), 3135 (MO); Ruina Paienque. 100 m, Saiki M234 (F, Z). oaxaca: Mpio. Sta. Maria Chiraalapa, a pie de la Piedra Siniguichi en la cabecera del arroyo

Huahuagtza, cerca de Piedra Blanca, 7 km E de Sta. Maria, 270 m, 16°55'N, 94°37'W, Herndndez G. 734 (MO, NY); filo del cerro al E del Arroyo Monte Rico, ca. 20 km al E de Sta. Maria, 400-500 m, 16°55'N, 94°42'W, Herndndez G. 1574 (MO, NY); ca. 25 km al E de Sta.

el Rio' del Corte, al N del Rio del Corte, 400-500 m, 16°55'N, 94°42'W, Herndndez G. 1920 (NY); ca. de 18 km NE de Sta. Maria por la vereda al Rio Pinal, ChimalapiUa, 300 m, 16°57'N, 94°36'W, Herndndez G. & Gonzalez L 1787 (MO); Dtto. Tuxtepec, 9 km S of

Papel Tuxtepec, 100 m, Mickel 5784 (NY, UC); between Tuxtepec and Playa Vicente, 28 km SE of Rte. 147, 100 m, Mickel 7212 (NY, UC); Dtto. Juchitan, 1 km N of Palomares, 1 km E of highway on road to La Pedrera "Paso de Buques," 100 m, Mickel & Pardue 6843 (NY, UC); 5 km S of Palomares, 150 m. Mickel & Pardue 6866 (NY), tabasco: Teapa, 4 km SE of Teapa on road to Tacotalpa, base of Cerro de Madrugal, 300 m, Croat 47908 {CR, MO), veracruz: C6rdoba, Finck 759 (UC); Mpio. Hidalgotitlan, near Campamento La Laguna, 100 m, 17°17'N, 94°30'W, Nee 29974 (F); Mpio. Hidalgo- titlan, entre Hermanos CediUo y La Escuadra, Rio Solo- siichil, 150 m, I rlsquez 977 (NY); 2 km al N del Poblado no. 2, zona de Uxpanapa, Mpio. Jesiis Carranza, 100 m, Vdsquez T. 2485 (NY). Bllizl. siann crkkk: Stann Creek railway, 17 mi.. Gentle 2714 (F, GH, MICH, NY); caves and railway, 33 m, Schipp 8-275 (B). TOLEDO: Columbia Forest Reserve, ca. 1-2 mi. N of entrance, Croat 24173 (MO); Condemn Branch Hills, Gentle 5139 (GH, MO, S); in cohune ridge, Chavarrias road, Rese- mederes, across Columbia River, Gentle 6261 (F, G, NY, S, UC). Guatemala, prov. unknown: Los Amates, 30 m, Deam 470 (GH), Smith 5675 (NY), peten: ca. 4 km S of Lacand6n, Contreras 3432 (MICH, S); Chinchila, Sebol Road, Contreras 10500 {¥); along Rio San Diego, between Finca Yalpemech and San Diego, 50-150 m, Steyermark 45308 {¥). Honduras, atlantida: Lancetilla Valley, near Tela, 20-600 m, Standley 54153 (F). copaN:

Volume 80, Number 1 1993

Murakami & Moran 9 Asplenium sect. Hymenasplenium Monograph

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Asplenium sect. Hymenasplenium

Monograph

Burch et al. 1095 (MO); E slope of Cerro Sapo, 500 m, Hammel 1266 (MO); Paya to Pucra, Stern et al. 235 (F, GH, MO); vie. of Campamento Buena Vista, Rio Chucunaque above confluence with Rio Turquesa, Stern et al. 824 (MO), Tyson et al. 4835 (MO); 2 mi. E of Santa F6, Tyson et al. 4835 (UC); 2 km E of Juan Diaz, Cornman 512 (MICH, MO, UC); Piriati, S of Pan Amer- ican Hwy., 200-400 m, 9°00'N, 78°30'W, Hamilton 529 (MO, UC); 1859-1861, Hares 57 (BM, F, GH); Bajia Sta., Hayes .355 (BM, K); Juan Diaz, Topia River, 50 m, Killip 2708 (B, MICH, S), 50 m, Killip 2806 (MO); Gatunciilo River, Rowlee & Rotdee 415 (NY); Panama Viejo?, Seemann 66 (BM); Marraganti and vie, 0-60 m, Williams 1026 (NY). Panama: Campana Hill, 800 m, Alston 8925 (BM); Isla de Bayano, trocha D, Correa A. et al. 2973 (F. MO); near Juan Diaz, 0-75 m, Killip 2512 (S); Serrania de Maj6, ridges S of Choc6 village of Ipeti, Rio Ipeti drainage system, 500-600 m, 8°47'N, 78°27'W, Knapp & Sytsma 2334 (AAU, CR, MO); Chilibre, Martinez 9 (MO); Rio Bayano a 5 km del Camp, de Maje, Rivera 23 (CR); Rio Tapia, Standley 26184 (MO). Cuba, oriente: Sierra de Nipe, ad cafion fluminis Canapii, Ekman 2533 (G, NY, S); near Bayate, Cayo del Rey, Ekman 2760 (S). Venezuela, aragua: Colonia Tovar, Fendler 143 (G, NY), barinas: along Rio Caparo, 2-4 km up river from dam site, 100-200 m,

falcon: Parque Nacional Quebrada eFToro, 600 m, van der Werff 402 (UC). LARA: border area between Edo. Lara/Yaracuy, Sierra de Aroa, 10-13 mi. NW of Ur-

Duaca, 1,400 m, 10°14'N, 69°04'W, Smith et al. 1340 (MO). SUCRE: Dtto. Sucre, along Quebrada el Tigre, S of Fila La Baqueta (in the future basin of Represa Neveri), 350 m, 10°07'N, 64°19'W, David.se & Gonzalez 19242

Orinoco region," Ugueto, Croziat 794 (BR). Colombia. ANTIOQUIA: Guapd, 53 km S of Turbo, 60 m, Haught 4628 (COL); 53 km S of Turbo, Guapa, 80 m, Haught 4684 (NY, S). bolivar: Boca Verde, on Rio Sinu, 100- 300 m, Pennell 4213 (GH); 12 km S of Carraipia, Com. Guajira, 450 m, Haught 4286 (COL, NY). CHOCO: near Caserio La Teresita, 0.5 2.5 km N of the INDERENA camp on the Rio Truando, 50-100 m, Lellinger & de la Sota 532 (COL); Nercua and Divide, Schott 57 (F); Parque Nacional Natural Los Katios, sector Cacarica, Zuluaga R. 986 (COL), magdalena: ca. 6 km E of La Jagua, Sororia Creek, 200 m, Haught 36 13 (COL); Santa Marta. H. H. Smith 2693 (NY), santander: vie. of

[oO-70?m'''wa«gr" Z^isTc^ Puerto Berrio, 100 m, Haught 2865 (COL, GH, UC). Ecuador.

caehi and Palenque, on Estero Pefiafiel, 70 m, Dodson et al. 7089 (AAU, MO, QCNE). manabi: on road from

Sz^Jgh! S^ U^q! P?Rlt"HU,fNTco!'Tingo'Ma^^^^ steep rocky slope above Rio Huallaga, 650 m, Croat 21075 (MO); along road from Tingo Maria to Monz6n,

Nacional Tingo Maria," 650 m, Croat 57945 (MO); hills

3676 (MO); Pachitea^tto. Puerto Inca, Bosque Nacional de Iparia, 400-500 m, Schunke V. 2967 (F). Brazil, para: Serra dos Carajas, ca. 6 km NW of AMZA camp

3-Alfa, on the road to camp 4-Alfa, 200-250 m, 5<'47'S, 50034' W, Sperling et al. 6035 (GH. NY, UC); 12 km W of camp ECB on the ferrovia, ca. 57 km W of road BR 150, 150 m, 5'>35'S, 49°15'W, Sperling et al. 6381 (BM, F, GH, NY).

Asplenium deUtescens occurs from Mexico to Peru and east-central Brazil, and Cuba (Map 2).

1,400) m. Rarely, h grows on rocks.

greenish petioles, few (6-9) pinna pairs, and deltate laminae with abruptly reduced apices (Fig. 6A). Where the lamina abruptly contracts to the nar- rowed apical segment, the pinnae and lobes are often retuse. Occasional specimens are interme- diate between A. deUtescens and A. laetum (Fig. 6B). These are treated in the hybrid section of this monograph.

scissum Willd. (which is not a member of section Hymenasplenium) in leaf cutting and outline. To the naked eye, A. ahscissum differs from A. de-

that are immediately beneath the apical segment. Two microscopic characters also distinguish the

mm long, blackish, and uni- to triseriate. The struc- Asplenium abscissum has a slightly raised costa

Smith (1976) first pointed out that A. deUtes- cens and several other neotropical Asplenia be- longed to section Hymenasplenium. He also re- alized that this species belonged to Asplenium,

placed, and gave an excellent discussion on the

2. Asplenium hoffmannii Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 258. 1919. type: Costa Rica. Alajuela: Aguacate, Aug. 1857, Hoffmann 836 (holo-

14 Annals of the

Missouri Botanical Garden

Dtto. Guanare, near Desembocadero, 400 m, A. R. Smith el al. 856 (MO, UC); Dtto. Guanare, along road to San Jose de La Montana, 500 m, 9°20'N, 69''43'W, A. R. Smith et al. 1095 (NY, UC); NE de Boca de Monte, 28- 32 km NNE de Guanare, arriba del puente sobre el Rio Maria, 400-500 m, 9°18-19'N, 69°42-43'W, Steyer-

Monte, 22 km NE del vado del Ri'o Suruguapo, 45 km NE por la autopista Guanare-Ospiiio, en el sitio Las Marias, E de Guanare, 400 m, 9n9'N, 69°41'30"W, Stevermark et al. 127236 (MO, UC). Colombia, bolivar: TorreciUa, near Turbaco, 150-300 m, Killip & Smith 14658 (K, NY).

Asplenium hoffmannii occurs from southern Mexico to Colombia, Venezuela, and Trinidad (Map

in wet^ forests. Rarely, it^grows^on old walls or terrestrially. The elevation ranges from 0 to 500(- 900) m.

laminae,'^few (1-3) leaves per rhLme, deeply and evenly serrate pinnae, and few (usually 2-6) pinna pairs (Fig. 7). It hybridizes with .4. lae turn to pro-

The hybrid differs from A. hoffmannii by having

in large leaves), and aborted spores.

3. Asplenium laetum Sw., Syn. Fil. 79, 271. 1806. NEOTYPE (designated by Proctor, 1985): Schkuhr, Krypt. Gew. 1: 65, t. 70. 1809. Figure 8A; Map 4.

Asplenium virens Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 273. 1827, not C. Presl, 1825. type: "America," col- lector unknown (P-Herb. Desv.; photos GH, US ex P).

Asplenium schkuhrianum C. Presl, Tent. Pterid. 107.

(designated by Morton & Lellinger, 1966): Vene- zuela. Distrito Federal: Caracas, Bredemeyer s.n. (W-Herb. Jacquin). This is probably the specimen used by Schkuhr (1809) in drawing his t. 70, which

Asplenium lugubre Liebm., Mexic. bregn. 243 (seors. 91). 1849. LECTOTYPE (designated by A. R. Smith, 1981): Mexico. Veracruz: Baranca de Mirador, Liebmann [Fl. Mex. 322] (lectotype, C not seen; isolectotypes, B, K).

wide; rhizome 2.5-6.5 mm wide, sparsely scaly; scales 2-3.3 x 0.23-0.33 mm, black-brown, lin- ear-attenuate; petiole base 1.5 3.5 mm wide, swol- len, 0.4-2.5 mm distant from each other on the

same row; petiole 4-20 x 0.09-0.15 cm, ii-i/2 the leaf length, blackish reddish purple, sometimes green, grooved, sparsely scaly at base; lamina 15- 40 cm long, 1 -pinnate, lanceolate to oblong with

with green, perpendicular, herbaceous wings; lat- eral pinnae 2-6 X 0.6-1.2 cm in the middle of the leaf, 10-25 pairs, subquadrangular, the margm slightly to strongly toothed, the teeth 0.5-2 mm deep, the basiscopic side excavate basally for ca. 1/2 the pinna length, the apex acute, the base broad- ly cuneate and almost sessile to stalked, auricle 0-

spores about 27-38 jum, 64 per sporangium, peri- ridges at the confluence of the Rio Ixcan w!th the Rio Lacantum (Rio Jatate), 300 m, Breedlove 34197 (MICH, MO); Mpio. of Frontera Comalapa, 6-8 km E of Frontera

Breedlove 39059 (NY); 13 km N of Berriozabal. Mpio! de Berriozabal, 1,000 m, Breedlove & Smith 21683 (F, MICH, MO, NY); Mpio. of Cintalpa, SE of Cerro Baul on the border with Oaxaca, 16 km NW of Rizo de Oro along a logging road to Colonia Figaroa, 1,600 m, Breed- love & A. R. Smith 31319 (NY); los alrededores de la zona Arquel6gica de Palenque, Cabrera et al. 1938 {BM, MO); Palenque, in forest by the ruins, 170 m, Chater et al. 131 (BM, MO); 1864-1870, Ghiesbreght 426 (K); Finca Mexiquito, Purpus 6735 (F, MO, UC), Purpus 6765 (UC); Finca Irlanda, Purpus 7241 (UC); Ruina Palenque, 100 m, Saiki M-230 (F, Z). oaxaca: Mpio. Sta. Maria Chimalapa, Arroyo Piedra de Tigre, ca. 8 km al 0 de Sta. Maria, 220 m, 16''53'N, 94°43'W, Her- nandez G. 1008 (NY); Chimalapilla, ca. de 18 km al NE

94°36'W, Herndndez G. & Gonzalez 1787 (NY); Dtto! Tuxtepec, 4-9 km S of Valle Nacional on Rte. 1 75, 200 700 m, Mickel 5881 (NY, UC); Dtto. Ixtlan, 29 km S of Valle Nacional, 80 km N of Ixtlan de Juarez, trail E of Rte. 175 at Campamento Vista Hermosa toward Ladu, 500-650 m, Mickel 6461 (NY, UC); Dtto. Ixtlan, 76 km N of Ixtl4n de Juarez on Rte. 175, 5 km S of Vista Hermosa, Campamento La Esperanza. Mickel 7/88 (NY, UC); vie. of Cafetal Concordia, 400-650 m, Morton & Makrinius 238 (F); Tuxtepec, above Jalapa de Diaz, 330 m, Hallberg 1468 (NY), 400 m, Hallberg 147 1 (NY). tabasco: cerro arriba del Ejido Zunu, Mpio. Tacotalpa, Ejido Zunu en el camino de la Est. Tacotalpa hacia Tapiju-

tafpa, 3 km al E (lei ejido Lii^aro Cardenas, 50 m, Couan 2072 (NY); Teapa, 3 km E of Teapa, slope of Cerro las

Conrad et al. 2889 (MO); Cerro de CoTorr^'i, near Teap"a! Rovirosa 828 (NY). Veracruz: pres C6rdova, Chiqui- huite, Bourgeau 2151 (K, L, MO, NY); Mpio. Hidal- gotitlin, 6 km E de Cedillo camino a La Laguna, 110 m, Dorantes et al. 2555 (F, UC); Orizaba, 1855 m, Miiller 1835 (NY); in Dec. 1921, Purpus 174 (Z); Mirador, Barranca de San Francisco, 1,000 m, Ross 688 (BM). Belize, stann creek: caves and railway, 30 m, Schipp

Volume 80, Number 1 Murakami & Moran

1993 Asplenium sect. Hymenasplenium

Monograph

MO, UC); base of hills on coastal side, between Punta Codes and Punta Uva (E of Puerto Viejo de Talamanca), 20-60 m, 9°38'N, 82°43'W, Grayum et al. 4419 {^A, MO, UC); Cordillera de Talamanca, ridge between R.'o Dantas (opposite mouth of Cafio Seco) and Rio BarbiUa, 250-419 m, lOoOO'S-'N, 83°26'W, Grayum et al. 8943 (MO); ca. 400 m upstream from where Bri Bri-Hone Ck. road crosses Rio Sandbox, 70 m, Moran 3092 (CR, F, MO); ca. 3 km SW of Suretka, RECOPE test drill site, 70 m, Moran 3121 (MO); Chase, Talamanca, 300 m, Ocampo S. 1637 (CR). SAN josE: ca. 7.5 8.5 km by road W of Ciudad Colon, ridge between Rio Virilla and Que- brada Micos, along road between Finca Micos and Llano Lim6n, 550-650 m, 9°56'N, 84°18'W, A. R. Smith et al. 1620 (MO. UC); 5 mi. S of Sta. Maria, 2,000 m. Stork 1764 (MICH). Panama, canal area: near Frijoles, Cornman 698 (UC); Barro Colorado Island, Shannon Trail, in creek no. 3, Croat 8475 (F, NY); Frijoles, 30 m, Killip 2810 (B, S), 2829 (S); along Rio Indio de Gatiin, 0-10 m, Maxon 4868 (BM, S); Pipeline road, 8 km from main gate, Mori & Kallunki 2826 (AAU, NY); 8 km NW of Gamboa, along Rio Mendoza and small tributary, 0.5-1 km upstream from Pipeline Road bridge, 100 m. Nee 7722 (U); 2-3.5 km N of Gamboa, along Quebrada San Antonio, 30-200 m, Nee 9456 (AAU, U); Pearson Trail, Shattuck 283 (¥). CHIRIQUI: vie. of El Boquete, 1,000-1,300 m, Maxon 5055 (BM, NY, S).

COLON: N of Diamante, ridge NW of abandoned mine on Quebrada de la Mina, 600-700 m, 9°24'N, 79°35'W, Churchill & de Nevers 4242 (MO); near Porto Bello, 5- 200 m, Maxon 5733 (NY), darif.n: Parque Nacional del Darien, ridge between Rio Topalisa y Rio Pucuro, ca. 17 km E of Pucuro, La Laguna area, 750-850 m, 8''3'5"N, 77n7'W, Cuadros V. et al. 3895 (UC); near Cerro Pirre base camp, on Rio Parasenico, 200 500 m. Gentry & Clewell 7064 (MO); on Rio Parasenico, 200-500 m, Gentry & Clewell 7069 (MO); REN ARE hut in Darien Natl. Park, 20 m, McDonagh et al. 446 (BM); bank above Rio Paca, Stern et al. 705 (BM, NY, UC). Panama: at Rio Tito, Peninsula de Panama, 275 m, Ekman 15271 (BM, NY, S); Cordillera Central, Los Haitises, La Llanada, Ekman 15485 (F, G, NY, S); Sta. Barbara de Panama, Peninsula de Panama, Ekman 15836 (K, S); Tapia River, vie. of Juan Diaz, Killip 2710 (S). Cuba, las villas: Trinidad Mts., Santa Clara, El Porvenir, 650-750 m, Britton & Wilson 5300 (NY); San Bias, La Sierra, Prov. Sta. Clara, 200-300 m. Jack 7093 (MO, NY), okiente: Loma del Gato, Clement 757 {K, MICH, S, U, UC); Prov. directly S of Jaguey, Yateras, 420-510 m, Maxon 4158 (NY, S), Otto 176 (K); El Yunque, Mt. Baracoa, Un- derwood & Earle 615 (NY); Baracoa, El Yunque Mt., Underwood & Earle 989 (NY); prope viUam Monte Ver- de, Wright 1026 (G, K, L, MO, NY, S, UC), Wright 1027 (G, K, L, UC); in 1859, 1860, Wright 1086 (BM, G, K). Jamaica, prov. unknown: Wingfield ravine, 100- 300 m. Proctor 19252 (BM, MICH, U); in 1895, Gilbert 54 (NY); DoUwood, Harris 7374 (K); 1,200 m. Hams 7374 (BM, NY), Jenman 24 (K); Hartford and adjoining properties, near Priestman's River, near Cudjoe's Hole, Maxon 2545 (NY). ST. thomas: 500-700 m, Maxon 9057 (NY); John Crow Mts., E of Seamen's Valley, Port- land Parish, 200-425 m, Maxon & Killip 244 (BM, F, NY). PORTLAND parish: valley of Trafalgar River, near Jumbe Spring, 800 m, Maxon & Killip 772 (BM, F, NY); Chepston Ridge, above Mt. Hermon, 6 mi. inland from Hoper Bay, Moore 7 (NY); Chepstow Ridge, St.

Georges, Moore s.n. (NY); Moy Hall, Orcutt 6835 (UC). TRELAWNY PARISH: 5 mi. N of Quick Step, above Aberdeen P.O., Cockpit country. Proctor 4069 (MO); 1.5-2 mi. SW of Ecclesdown, E slope of the John Crow Mts., 500- 600 m. Proctor 22690 (BM, MICH, U); Doll Wood, near Silver Hill Gap, 1,000 m. Underwood 2304 (NY); Mans- field, near Bath, Underwood 2802 (NY). Dominican Republic. Liali, 100-500 m, Abbott 2627 (GH); ravine 0.2 mi. SE of S Chiltern Estate, 300 m, Lellinger 517 (MICH, MO, UC); Santo Domingo, prope Barahona, 350 m, von Turckheim 2824 (BM, G, K, L, M, NY); Cordillera Central, La Cumbre, 300 m, Ekman 14338 (S). Haiti. Massif du Nord, Morne Cheneau, near Poitean, 400 m, Ekman 4430 (S); Massif des Cahos, Hinche, Morne Vail- lecite, 600 m, Ekman 6106 (S); Massif de la Tloffe, eastern group, Mt. Calumelle, 1,200 m, Ekman 7332 (S); vie. of St. Louis du Nord, Leonard & Leonard 14363 (NY); Port Margot to Correil, 400-500 m, Nash 199 (NY). Puerto Rico. LuquiUo Mts., Wilson 280 (F, NY). Montserrat. In Oct. 1879, Holme s.n. (K). St. Kitts. 1889, Berkeley s.n. (NY). Guadeloupe. In 1868, Husnot 338 (K), L'Herminier 18 (K); bois du Maine Gommer, bod du Galion, 400-600 m, Duss 4199 (NY). Dominica. Imray 720 (K); Rosalie, Lloyd 699 (NY); Trafalgar Falls, Whilefoord 6164 (BM). Martinique. Hautenis boisies de la Riviere, 400-500 m, Duss 1635 (NY). St. Lucia. Upper Roseau River, 300 m, 18 Feb. 1936, Box 464 (BM); Nov. 1883, Murray 26 (K). Grenada, st. mark parish: NW slope of Mt. St. Catherine, 500-600 m, Proctor 17250 (U); near trail to Concord Falls, 360 m, Seifert 42 (Z); no locality, Sherring 87 (K, NY). St.

(S). PROV. unknown. Jenman s.n. (NY); ' H. H. Smith iJ62(BM); in 1890, Smith 358(G); 1890, H. H. Smith & G. W. Smith 1121 (K, NY); forest above S end of the island, 300 m, H. //. Smith & G. W. Smith 961 (K). TOBAGO. Campbelton woods, CharlotteviUe, Broadway 3026 (B, BM, F, G, MO, NY, S, Z); Castara woods, Broadway 4212 (BM, G, K), 7180 (BM, F, K, MO, S, Z); in 1889, Hart 4166 (K); near Parrot Hall, ca. 2 mi. SW of Parlatuvier, 50 m, Jermr 1 1370(^U); Blue Basin, Johnston 161 (BM); forest reserve of Main Ridge, 300 m, Sandivith 1833 (BM, NY). Trinidad. North Post to Maqueripe, Britton el al. 909(F); Maracas, in the ground near waterfall, Broadivay s.n. (K); Camaron Waterfall, Cruger 44 (B); Leotode Est. Oropouche, Cave Forest, on limestone hill. Fay 665 (BM); no locality. Hart 205 (S); Maracas Falls, John.^ton 74 (BM); Simla Research Sta- tion, ca. 4 mi. N of Arima, 250 m, Mickel 9516 (NY); without locality, Prestoe 714 (BM, MO). French Guiana. ININI: Inini River, en aval de degrad Fourmi Camp de base vers les Monts de ITnini, Cremers et al. 8780 (B, BR, F, Z); Montagne de ITnini, extremite NW, 550 m, 3°30'40"N, 53°36'W, Cremers et al. 8900 (F, U, Z); Montagne de I'lnini, zone central, extremite NW, 350- 400 m, 3°31'N, 53°35'W, Cremers et al. 9314 (B, F, Z); Mont Galbao, Cirque central. Haute Crique Makouali, 350 m, 3°35'N, 53°18'W, de Granville et al. 8947 {BM, F, NY, Z). Vlneziux. ^n/omkcii: NE of Bergantin, Quebrada Negra, tributary of Rio Zumbador, 500 m, Steyermark 61143 (F, MO). ARAGUA: prope Coloniam Tovar, Fendler 136 (B, G, GH, MO, NY). Bolivar: limites con el Territorio Federal Delta Amacuro, 36 km al NW de El Palmar, 350 m, 8''25'N, 62°00'W, Aymard C. 5274 (UC), 5297 (MO). DISTRITO federal: Caracas, Cha- cao. Otto 609 (B, G, K). FALCON: Dtto. Silva, Hacienda Montesco-Silencio, ca. 10 km NW de Tucacas, Cerro

Annals of the

Missouri Botanical Garden

Sanare, 100 m, Burandl 715 (UC); Dtto. Federaci6n, Parque Nacional "Cuevas de la Quebrada El Toro," 500- 600 m, Quijada 103 (NY); Sierra de San Luis, arriba de la Chapa, 900 m, 24 Mar. 1979, van der Werff3403 (UC). merida: Merida, Moritz 365 (B, BM). miranda: Cerros del Bachiller, near E end, Quebrada Corozal, S of Santa Cruz, 20-65 m, 10°9'N, 65°48'W, Steyermark & Davidse 116306 (MO, UC). portuguesa: Dtto. Apure,

Portuguesa, 800^-1,200 mi 9°37'N, 69°25'W, Ortegl & Aymard 1818 {VQ; Dtto. Guanare, antra Chabasquen

250 1

ere, Los Paramitos, a 20 km por aire al SO de f, 1,000-1,500 m, 9°20'N, 69°05'W, Ortega et 6 (MO, NY, UC). SUCRE: Ortega et al. 1845

, 0°39^-40'N,' 6?4V w',1s^'eyerma^^^ aiinSM

1846,

: 23 (

Dtto

Mara, cuenca del Rio Guasare, alrededores del Dest^ camento Guasare no. 1 (La Yolanda), 200-250 n 10<'52'N, 72°29'W, Bunting et al. 12036 (UC); SW c

COLOV

(MO).

Schott 51 (F, MO), 755 (MO); Parque Nacional Natural

332 (COL).' ma(;dalena: Santa Marta, Finca El Recuerdo! Boca Toma Forest, 800 m, Bennett 20 (F); Finca Los Arroyitos in quebrada N of house, 1,800-1,900 m, 10°56'N, 73=58' W, Kirkbride 2368 (COL); 1,000 m, //. H. Smith 2450 (BM, F, MICH), 958 (BM, MICH,

acana," 900-950 m, Murillo 363 (COL). NORTE DE santander: Ocafia, 2,000 m, Kalbreyer 317 (B, K); 1846-1852, Schlim 397 (B, BM, G). santander: Es-

1 Santo

1,800 I

. Ibagu.

ston 7716 (MO). \ 760 m, Kilhp 34888 (COL). Eci ador. ksmeraldas: near San Mateo, road to Esmeraldas airport, gravel road 8.6 km beyond bridge, over Rio Esmeraldas, 80 m, 0°52'N, 79°33'W, Croat 55623 (F, MO), i.os rios: Rio Palenque Biological Station, km 56 Quevedo~Sto. Domingo, 150- 220 m, Evoy 61 (NY), Lojtnant 15757 (AAU). manabi: El Recreo, Hggers 15118 (BM, F, L, M), 15175 (F).

carretera Gualaquiza-Zamora, alrededores del puente sobre el Rio Bombioza, 800 m. Baker & Zaruma 6476 (MO, NY). NAPO: Parque Nacional Yasuni, Anangu, 260-350 m, 76°23'W, 0°31-32'S, 0llgaard et al. 39205 (AAU, NY). PICHINCHA: Loc. 170-175, Sto. Domingo-Quinind6,

Rio Huallaga, Croat 21082 (MO); hills above river on steep limestone forested slope, 650 m, Moran 3683 (MO), 700 m, Tryon & Tryon 5228 (BM, F). junin: Cochero, 1,780 m, Pavon 186 (G); Chanchamayo, 1,500 m, Schunke 20 (S), 4909 (BM); area of Pichita Caluga, Walden 84 (BM). pasco: Oxapampa, 50 km from Oxa- pampa, Rio El Tunqui, 1,620 m, 75°30'W, 10°15'S, Smith et al. 1710 (MO), san martin: Juan Jui, Aho Rio Huallaga, 400-800 m, Klug 4253 (BM, F, MO, NY, S). Bolivia, la paZ: Prov. Iturralde, Tumupasa, 500 m, Williams 1076 (NY, UC); 600 m, Williams 1076a (NY). COCHabamba: Prov. Chapare, vie. of Villa Tunari, along Rio Espirito Santo, on trail to Baja Copacabana, 16"'57'S, 65°25'W, Croat 51271 (MO), la paz: Prov. Nor Yungas, Polo-Polo bei Coroico, 1,100 m, Buchtien 3334 (S). Brazil, state unknown: no locality given, Mendonca 1208(B). para: Macau airstrip, 1.5 hours upstream from Lageira airstrip, on Rio Maicuru, 0°55'S, 54°26'W, Strudwick et al. 3574 (NY), rid (;raM)K do sn.: Sta. Cruz, Jiirgens 27 (MICH). Rio dk J aneiro: Rio de Janeiro, Glaziou 5318 (B). sXo paulo: S5o Paulo, Mosen 3736

1338 (MO). *^ ^'

60 m, Haught 4627 {NY, S); Boquer6n, Kalbreyer 1916 (B); Titiribi, Kalbreyer 1499 (B); Urrao, Vereda Calles, Parque Nacional de Las Orquideas, cabana del INDERE- NA en Rio Calles, quebrada La Agudelo, 1,450 m, Ca- llejas et al. 2841 (NY); Tocarema, 2,200 m, Lindig 236 (BM). CHOCO: carretera San Jos6 del Palmar-Novita, entre

& Jararmllo 2134 (MO)[near Caserio La Teresita, 0.5- 2.5 km N of the INDERENA Camp on the Rio Truando,

(Map^

of An

lally in deeply streams. It is buted species : New World rthern Argen- mia. The spe-

Madagascar, but these reports are based on spec- imens of A. inaequilaterale Willd., a species that does not belong to section Hymenasplenium.

The species is characterized by dark petioles and rachises, short-creeping rhizomes, and atten- uate lamina apices (Fig. 8A). In other characters it is extremely variable. Some single-character vari-

plants from the Canal Area in Panama usually have

lowly serrate margins (e.g., Croat 7008, Kennedy

with geography (Fig. 9). Future s

Murakami & Moran

Asplenium sect. Hymenasplenium

Monograph

Figure 11. A. Asplenium purpurascens, Ecuador, Holm-Nielsen et al. 2720 (AAU).- B, C. A. ortegae, Venezuela, van der Werff & Gonzalez 4599 (MO).

Annals of the

Asplenium ortegae is named for Francisco O:

petiole base 2.2-5.5 mm wide, swollen, 0.5 1.1 ^^^^^ prominent Venezuelan pteridologist, who he

petiole 6-21 x 0.09-0.15 cm, Vz-V2 the leaf SLrk i^I^VenezS^^'*^ ^""^ assistance dunn

length, atropurpureous, sparsely scaly at base; lam- p^^^ Colombia to Bolivia, the species occurs o

ina 11-25 cm long, light green, herbaceous, ^^^^^^^ ^ij^ ^he Andes; in Venezuela,

1 -pinnate, deltate to oblong with acuminate apex, ^^^^^^ ^oth sides (Map 6). It grows on shade

apex pinnatifid, abruptly reduced or evenly ta- f^^^^^ ^^^^^ f^^^g^g from 0 to 500(-800) n

pered; rachis green to dark reddish purple, grooved Asplenium ortegae is characterized by shor

with green herbaceous wings perpendicular to the creeping rhizomes, atropurpureous petioles, trui

plane of the lamina; lateral pinnae 5 9 x 0.9- ^^^ely serrate-lobed pinna margins, and usually :

1.7 cm m the middle of the leaf, 6-10 pairs, 4-forked veins (Fig. IIB, C). Rarely, the bas,

lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, the margin slightly p^^^^^ become pinnatifid, and the plants then n

double-toothed, 0.5 1.3 mm deep, the basiscopic ^^^^le A. purpurascens (which also has atropu

side excavate for the length of the pinnae, p^reous petioles). The two species may be sepi

. Ospin

Despite the resemblance to A. purpu /idence from chloroplast DNA supports ilationship of A. ortegae with A. delitesc

OS del la UNELLEZ, una , 69°49'W, Ortega 1912 (UC); Dtto. .

Honda, en el caserio La Cristobera, Ortega et evidence will be presented in a future paper by the

(BM); Dtto. Guanare, Mpio. Papel6n, rivera first author). Morphological characteristics also

^ "rMt-Z: ™pp- "-'^ -'--f - T'^

laminae, relatively few (6-10) pinna pairs, and

Riecito, Hmite entre los Estados Lara y similarly shaped laminar apices. Asplenium deli-

Portuguesa, 800-1,200 m, 9°37'N, 69°25'W, Ortega tescens, however, differs by having stramineous

&Jymarff 787 7 (UC); entre AguaBlancay Los Hijitos, petioles, less serrate pinna margins, and twice-

1 60 m, Ortega & Aymard 2087 (NY); entre Agua Blanca \ ' p \ eventually be shown

y San Rafael, Quebrada Los Hijitos. 160 m, Ortega & torked vems (1-ig. 6A) t may eventually be stiown

Aymard 2088 (UC); Dtto. Guanare, along road to San that A. ortegae is of hybrid origin involvmg A.

Jose de La Montana, 500 m, 9°20'N, 69043'W, A. R. delitescens as one of its parents. Smith et al. 1062 (UC); Boca de Monte, 23 km N del

vado del Rio Suruguapo, 38 km N por la autopista Guana- ^ ^ , . ,

re-Ospino, en sitio Las Marias, 400 m,9°18'N,69''43'W, Asplenium purpurascens Mett. ex Kuhn,

Steyermarketal. 127 134 {MO, UQ. iVU.v.Dxxo.Periii, Linnaea 36: 102. 1869. TYPE: Ecuador.

Maracaibo La Fria Hwy.^ ("^Y-^ 6), 10 m, Davidse^et Spruce 5697 (holotype, B not seen; fragment.

Catatumbo Ind^La^FtiaTara^albo ZTm^Y- 6). ^30 ^^^""'^ ^ '^^P m, 9°07'N, 72°37'W, Davidse et al. 18826 (MO, UC);

. Col6n,

elanopus (Sodiro) Hiero

:. Quit. 189.

Fn'a Maracaibo Hwy. (Hwy. 16), 30 m, Davidse et ,

18826 (MO, UC); Boca de Monte, 23 km N del vaao ^g^^

Sp^no, enTs'iriaf M^Ha^, %oirs!!yeLaTe7lL 'f, ''^P'"''' f ' Mosques de Colora^

i£E'B!!adi^%?^^^^^ ?aliatangarerca"de7urt7L''chimbo,"^

m, Murillo 2197 (MO). META: Rio Guatiquia,' Lehmann (isosyntype, K).

8830 (B); Puerto L6pez, 240 m, Little & Little 8427 plants terrestrial; roots 1 .5-2 mm wide; rhizome

(COL). Ecuador, pastaza: Lorocachi, 2 km upriver on . 3-6 5 mm wide soarselv scalv scales 1 6-2 3

Rio Curaray, opposite Military Camp, 200 m, 1°28'S, or -Trr ui 1 j ^ u i ' w'

75"58'W, Brandbyge & Asanza C. 31225 (AAU); Cei- ^ ^ f ~ 3 s""' d ll" 2"" 4 ^ j

Rio' Curaray, 200 m, r36'S, 75°40'W, Brandbyge & from each other on the same row; petiole 17-27

Asanza C. 31649 (AAU, F, UC). Peru, junin: Colonia x 0 15 0 2 cm about V2 the leaf length dark

Perene, 680 m, KilUp & Smith 24924 (F); Puerto Ber- . l , ' . . ,

mudez, 375 m, Killip & Smith 26633 (F). i.oreto: "^^^^'"^ P"'^?'^' "^^'^ ^^^""^ ^^"''"^ "^^

Yurimaguas, lower Rio Huallaga, 135 m, KilUp & Smith long, dark green, firm-herbaceous, 1 -pinnate, del-

29078 (NY). Brazil, acre: Cruzeiro do Sul, Rio Jurua tate, the apex attenuate, pinnatifid; rachis like the

Volume 80, Number 1

petiole, grooved, with herbaceous green wings; lat- eral pinnae 6.5-12 x 1.3 2.5 cm in the middle

vate for %-% the length of the pinna, stalked at to pinnatifid, the tip of each lobe with rounded sori 4 8 mm long, often diplazioid; spores 27 33

BORAZO: Vic. of Sacramento, onT skfe of RSwaraento, 1,200-2,000 m, Wiggins 11095 (NY, UC). cotopaxi: Tenefuerste, Rio Pilalo, km 52-53, Quevedo-Latacunga, 750-1,300 m, Dodson & Gentry 12275 (MO, QCNE); 20 km NW of Coraz6n, Rio Guapara, 250 m, Sparre 17173 (S); in confiano Columbiae, Buchwald 43 (UC); El Recreo, Eggej-s 15214 (B, BM, L). esmeraldas: near

km beyond bridge over Rio Esmerildas, ca. 6.6 km be- yond Univ. Luis Vargas Torres Est. Exp. Mudle, along Rio Mutile, 80 m, 0°52'N, 79°33'W, Croat 55622 (F,

tion of the provinces of Guayas, Canar, Chimboraz'ol and Bolivar, 300-400 m. Camp 3785 (F, GH, NY); Loma Alta, Cerro de Vacas Muertas, Cordillera de Colonche, 250 m, Valverde 5 10 (MO). LOJA: W of El Limo, Alamor- Cazaderos Road, 1,400 m, Harling & Andersson 22310 (F). LOS rigs: Rio Palenque Biological Station, km 56 Rd. Quevedo-Sto. Domingo, 150-220 m, Dodson & Gentry 10051 (MO, QCNE); ca. 40 km E of Babahoyo, sur- roundings of Montalvo, 100-200 m, l''47'S, 79°17'W, 2,720 m, Holm-Nielsen et al. 2720 (F, MO); near Mon- talvo, ca. 40 km E of Babahoyo, foothills of the Andes, 100-200 m, l''47'S, 79''17'W, Holm-Nielsen et al. 2720 (AAU, B). MANABi: 11 km E of San Placido, on road Portoviejo Pichincha, 400 m, Harling & Andersson 24978 {¥). pichincha: Km 170 175, via Sto. Domingo- Quinind6, 300 m, Acosta S. 13815 (F); Reserva EN- DESA, Carretera Quito-Puerto Quito, km 1 13, 00°05'N, 79°02'W, ArgUello 498 (AAU); Reserva ENDESA, Car- retera Quito-Puerto Quito, km 113, 800 m, 00°05'N, 79°02'W, Ayala 58 (AAU); San Jos6 de Toachi, 100 km W of Quito, 1,000 m, Bell 200 (BM, GH, S); by Rio Toachi, above confluence with Rio Pilaton, 1,000 m, Bell 238 (BM, GH, S); 20 km W of Sto. Domingo de los Colorados, 300 m, Cazalet & Pennington 5199 (B, K, UC); 20 km W of Sto. Domingo de los Colorados, 300 m, Cazalet & Pennington 5224 (UC); Sto. Domingo de los Colorados, Fagerlind & Wibom 1593 (S); Sto. Do- mingo de los Colorados, 500 m, Holdridge 1617 (GH); Finca Carlita, at km 13 on road to Sto. Domingo, 550 m, 00°15'S, 79=1 4' W, Holm-Nielsen et al. 7066 (AAU); valle Nanegal, Aug. 1874, Sodiro 8.74 (K); prope Sto. Domingo, Aug. 1875, Sodiro 8.75 (K).

Asplenium purpurascens is largely restricted to the western side of the Andes of Ecuador (Map 6). It grows in wet forests from 80 to 1,400 m.

The species is characterized by short-creeping rhizomes, atropurpureous petioles and rachises, and pinnatifid pinnae (Fig. 11 A). No other neotropical

species^of section Hymenasplenium has regularly

The holotype of ^. purpurascens was not among

were two very small fragments on a sheet at B, but these were not enough to identify the species. We feel confident that we are applying the name

species based on Mettenius's original description. According to his description, A. purpurascens has

clteVplants."''^ '^^'^"^

7. Asplenium repandulum Kunze, Linnaea 9: 65. 1834. type: Peru. Huanuco: Pampayaco,

1829, Poeppig s.n. (holotype, B not seen^ isotype, NY (fragment) not seen). Figure 12; Map 7.

Plants epiphytic; roots 0.6-1.5 mm wide; rhi- zome 2.5-7 mm wide, nearly naked; scales 0.5- 2.5 X 0.2-0.5 mm, black, ovate-lanceolate, clath- rate; petiole base 2.5-4 mm wide, swollen, 1-2

4 15 X 0.15-0.3 cm, about the leaf length, dark green-brown, fleshy and dull, terete, glabrous; lamina 22 40 cm long, dull green, 1 -pinnate, lan-

ceolate, margin almost entire to only slighdy toothed, pinna length, acute at apex, broadly cuneate and 1 -forked; sori 4-10 mm long; spores 40-48 jum.

Additional specimens examined. Ecuador, morgna-santiago: Macuma, on the Macuma River, S of Chiquaza, 700 m, van der Werff660{GH, MO), pastaza: Baiios aut Jivaria de Pintuc, excurs. nach Canelos, 1,200-1,300 m, Stiibel 878 (B). pichincha: prope Sto. Domingo, Aug. 1875, Sodiro s.n. (K). Peru, amazonas: ca. 12 km E of La Peca, Serrania de Bagua, 1,650 1,800 m, Gentry et al. 23073 (MO, UC). huanuco: Leoncio Prado, Dtto. Hermilio Valdizan, road from Puma- guasi to La Cumbre, La Divisoria, 1,600 m, Plowman & Schunke J . 7363 (F). junin: Chanchamayo, Chan- chamayo Valley, 1924-1927, C. Schunke 155(F), 897 (F), 907 (F); above San Ram6n, Schunke Hacienda, 1,400- 1,700 m, Killip & Smith 24547 (NY), 24804 (NY); Pichita Caluga, 1,800 m, Walden 41 (BM); Tarma, Chan-

Murakami & Moran

Asplenium sect. Hymenasplenium

Monograph

ina; lateral pinnae 4-8 x 1-2 cm in the middle of the leaf, 8-14 pairs, oblong-lanceolate, the mar- gin toothed, the teeth about 0.5 mm deep, the basiscopic margin excavate for '^-'/j the pinna length, broadly cuneate and almost sessile at base, auricle 1-4 mm long; veins 1-3 times forked; sori 5.5-10 mm long; spores 38 43 Mm, 64 per spo- rangium, spiny. « = 39 or 40 (Smith & Mickel, 1977).

Additional specimens examined. MEXICO, chiapas: Mpio. of Ray6n, in the Selva Negra 10 km above Ray6n Mezcalapa along road to Jitotol, 1,700 m, Breedloie 26082 (F, MICH, MO, NY), 29819 (F, MICH, NY), .32677 (MICH, NY); Mpio. of Ray6n, above Ray6n Mez- calapa along road to Jitotol, 1,700 m, Breedlove 35410 (MO); Mpio. of Cintalapa, 3 km E of Francisco Madero, NE of Cintalapa, 1,250 m, Breedlove 38081 (MO); 2 mi. N of Colonia Toquian, on S slope of Volc4n Tacana, 1,700 m, Croat 47151 (MO); in 1864-1870, Ghies- breght 416 (K); 1 1.6 mi. N of Linda Vista Tropical Biol. Sta., Pueblo Nuevo Solistahuacan, Gittins 4220 (NY); Siitepec, Matuda 221 (MICH, MO); Bourgeau 362 (B). oaxaca: Dtto. Villa Alta, from Yetzelalag toward Lovani, 1,200 m, Hallberg 1498 (NY); Dtto. Tehuantepec, be-

tinental Divide, 1,100-1,500 m, Hallberg 1744 (NY, UC); Mpio. Sta. Maria Chimalapa, ca. 7 km S de Sta. Maria, por la vereda a la cabecera del Rio Escolapa, 400 m, 16°51'N, 94°41'W, Hernandez G. 2457 (NY); ca. 15 km al ESE de Sta. Maria, filo entre Arroyo Majipana (al 0) y Rio Bianco (al E), 810 m, 16°52'N, 94''34^30"W, Hernandez G. 2523 (NY); Mpio. Sta. Maria Chimalapa, ca. 8 km al N de Sta. Maria, cafiada al O de la vereda al paso Jugcuypac del Rio Verde, 300 m, 16°57'N,

NY); 24 km S of Valle Nacional (km 85), road from Ixtlin to Tuxtepec, 900 m, Mickel 1434 (MICH, NY); Dtto. Ixtlan, 79 km W of Ixtlan de Juarez on Rte. 175, 1 km S of Campamento Vista Hermosa, 1,500 m, Mickel 5650 (NY, UC); Dtto. Tuxtepec, 4-9 km S of Valle Nacional on Rte. 175, 300 700 m, Mickel 5893 (UC); 200-700 m, Mickel 5918 (NY, UC); Dtto. Ixtlan, 29

500-700 m, Mickel 6360 (NY, UC); Dtto. Ixtlan, 29

trail E of Rte. 1 75 at Campamento Vista Hermosa toward Ladu, 500 m, Mickel 6446 (NY); Dtto. Ixtlan, 7 km S of Vista Hermosa, 71 km N of Ixtlan de Juarez on Rte. 175, 1,800 m, Mickel 6715 (NY, UC); Dtto. Ixtlan, 2 3 km S of Vista Hermosa, 75-76 km N of Ixtlan de Juarez on Rte. 175, 1,400 m, Mickel & Pardue 6548 (AAU, NY); Dtto. Ixtlan, 2-3 km S of Vista Hermosa, 75-76 km N of Ixtlin de Juarez on Rte. 175, 1,700 m, Mickel & Pardue 6580 (UC); Ixtlan, 76 km N of Ixtlan de Juarez on Rte. 175, Campamento La Esperanza, Mick- el 71 72 (Z); Villa Aha, ca. 20 mi. NE of Villa Alta, valley of the Yelagago River, 1,200 m. 17°25'N, 96°05'W, Mickel 1087 (MICH), puebla: Curva de los Millones, 10 km E de Teziutldn, Riba et al. 318 (NY). VERACRUZ: 8 km S of Misantia, 750 km, Barrington 404 (GH); 12 km S of Misantia, 1,350 m, Bohs et al. 1701 (GH); 15 km S of Misantia, Paz de Enriquez cloud forest, Bohs et

Map 8. The distribution of Asplenium riparium.

al. 1832 (GH); valine de C6rdoba, Bourgeau 2014 (B, GH, K, L, MICH, MO, NY); 8 km S of Misantia, 750 m, Conant 700 (GH); in 1889-1891, Finck 35 (NY); Mirador, Galeotti 6274 (BR, K), 6275 (photo GH ex BR), Linden 31 (MICH); Sta. Rita prope Misantia, Hahn 362 (K); 12 km S of Misantia, 1,350 m, Kress et al. 703 (GH); Barranca de Mirador, Liebmann s.n. (B, K); Mirador, in 1839, Linden 68 (K); Orizaba, in 1835, Muller 1772 (NY); 7.2 km E of Tebanca, 7.2 km E of E side of Lago Catemaco, 2.6 km W of Bastonal lumber camp, 910 m. Nee & Schatz 19943 (F); Barranca of Texolo, near Jalapa, 1,100 m, Pringle 7889 (GH); Zac- uapan, Purpus 1983 (B, UC); Barranca de Tenampa, Purpus 2846 (B, BM, F, GH, MO), Purpus 2946 (M), Purpus 15420 (F); environs of Xalapa, road from Xalapa to Misantia, Paz de Enriquez, N of Naolinco, 1,600 m, Sperling 4945 (GH); below Sta. Rita, 12 km S of Mis- antia, 1,350 m, Sperling 4995 (GH); Mpio. Yecuatla, Loma Santa Rita, 1,300 m, Ventura A. 3267 (m); Mpio. de Atzalan, Ranchito El Caballo, 1,000 m, Ventura A. 14368{G); Mpio. Totutla, El Mirador, 1,000 m, Ventura A. 16002 (MO). Guatemala, alta verapaz: trail between Sepacuite and Secanquim, 1,000 m, Maxon & Hay 3263 (BM, F, NY); E of Tactic, on road to Tamahii, 1,500 1,650 m, Standley 71321 (F); road between Tactic and the divide on road to Tamahii, 1,500-1,600 m, Standley 90658 (F); between Tactic and the divide to Tamahii, 1,500-1,600 m, Standley 90667 (F, UC); Pansamala, 1,200 m, von Turckheim 630 {B, GH, K, NY, UC). baja \ erapaz: San Rafael Chilasco, Salama, Guzman V. 553 (F); Los Andes, Finca Panama, Brenckle 47-201 (UC). i/.AiiAi.: Cerro San Gil, 300-900 m, Steyermark 41908

(GH); Finca Pirineos, below Santa Maria de j'esiis, 1,350- 1,380 m, Standley 68216 (F); road between Finca Pi- rineos and Patzulin, 1,200- 1,400 m, Standley 86710 (F); between Finca Pirineos and Patzulin, 1,200 1,400 m, Standley 86744 (F, UC). san marcos: Barranco Emi- nencia, road between San Marcos and San Rafael Pie de la Cuesta, in upper part of the barranco between Finca La Lucha and Buena Vista, 2,500-2,700 m, Standley 8h332 (F). Honduras, comaymjua: ca. 8 km SW of Siguatepeque, road to Jesus de Otoro, 1,200 m, Burch 6114 (NY); near El Rinc6n, Clewell 3097 (NY); Cerro Azul-Meambar, 1,100 m, Horwath 72 (F), 74 (F). olancho: 8.5 km W de Catacamas, m£rgenes del Rio del Real, 900 m, Ortega U. 295 (MO), prov. unknown: Mr. Elliot's plantation, Wilson 37 (NY). Nicaragi a. ZELAYa: Costado sur del Cerro La Pimienta, y N del Cerro

iguero, 800- & Whitefoord 212 (I

13°44'45"N, 84°59'45"W,

13°44'10"N,